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Review Article Open Access


Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review

Sheetal Verma, Saurabh Kashyap, Manoj Kumar, Vimala Venkatesh, Mastan Singh.

Abstract
Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains are the most prevalent group of Shiga toxin (Stx) producing E. coli (STEC) worldwide. Transmission frequently occurs through ingestion of raw or undercooked beef, but other contaminated foods and water have also been implicated, and person-to-person transmission also occurs. Escherichia coli O157:H7 was first associated with severe gastroenteritis in 1982 when it caused two major outbreaks of HUS from the same restaurant chain in Oregon and Michigan in the United States of America. The frequency of sporadic and outbreak cases of E. coli O157 infection appears to be on the increase worldwide especially the developing countries. This review describes in detail epidemiology, clinical manifestations and current methods to diagnose this pathogen.

Key words: Escherichia coli, Gastroenteritis, STEC, Infection, O157:H7, Shiga toxins


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Verma S, Kashyap S, Kumar M, Venkatesh V, Singh M. Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . SEAJCRR. 2013; 2(5): 374-388.


Web Style

Verma S, Kashyap S, Kumar M, Venkatesh V, Singh M. Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . http://www.seajcrr.com//?mno=47328 [Access: December 12, 2017].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Verma S, Kashyap S, Kumar M, Venkatesh V, Singh M. Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . SEAJCRR. 2013; 2(5): 374-388.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Verma S, Kashyap S, Kumar M, Venkatesh V, Singh M. Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . SEAJCRR. (2013), [cited December 12, 2017]; 2(5): 374-388.



Harvard Style

Verma, S., Kashyap, S., Kumar, M., Venkatesh, V. & Singh, M. (2013) Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . SEAJCRR, 2 (5), 374-388.



Turabian Style

Verma, Sheetal, Saurabh Kashyap, Manoj Kumar, Vimala Venkatesh, and Mastan Singh. 2013. Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review, 2 (5), 374-388.



Chicago Style

Verma, Sheetal, Saurabh Kashyap, Manoj Kumar, Vimala Venkatesh, and Mastan Singh. "Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review ." The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review 2 (2013), 374-388.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Verma, Sheetal, Saurabh Kashyap, Manoj Kumar, Vimala Venkatesh, and Mastan Singh. "Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review ." The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review 2.5 (2013), 374-388. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Verma, S., Kashyap, S., Kumar, M., Venkatesh, V. & Singh, M. (2013) Escherichia coli 0157: An emerging new challenge in the developing world- A review . The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review, 2 (5), 374-388.



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The articles in The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.